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 Post subject: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:21 am 
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Cocobolo
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Hey all,
Well, since I'm not competing this time around, I don't have to wait until the 1st to start my project. :D So since it was fairly cool yesterday, I got quite a bit done forging the billet for the chisel that will be the prize for Round two. I may actually get it finished before you all get started...

So, for this billet, I started out with 9 layers of steel. 5 layers of 1084 (plowshare steel) and 4 layers of 15n20 (Swedish bandsaw steel). The 1084 has a lot of manganese in it, which makes it etch dark, and the 15n20 has nickel in it, which makes it etch very light. The two together make for great contrast.

Here are the pieces cut to length. I like to work with 4" long billets:

Image


Notice the layers of 15n20 are much thinner than the 1084:

Image


Before assembling the billet, the pieces have to be ground clean. Some people skip this step, but I prefer to not to make the flux work harder than it has to.

Here's my grinder:

Image

Image


Done grinding:

Image

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Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:24 am 
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Now the pieces are clamped in a vise:

Image


and the corners are welded together with a stick welder:

Image


Then a length of re-bar is welded on as a handle:

Image


The forge heating up:

Image


This here is my biggest fan:

Image

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Regards,
Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:30 am 
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Cocobolo
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Some pics of my power hammer. I got this about a year and a half ago. Before that I had a small pneumatic hammer that I had built. This one is so much nicer. It's about 100 years old, and will still be running when I'm gone. I'd say they don't make 'em like they used to, but they don't make 'em at all anymore...

Image


The business end. You don't want to get your fingers under there:

Image


It runs off of an overhead lineshaft:

Image


I worked three billets yesterday. The two on the left will be used for knives, and will probably end up as Turkish Twist. The one for the chisel will be Gordians Knot pattern.

Image

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Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:38 am 
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Cocobolo
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Posts: 458
Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
The forge is now up to temp. (About 2500 degrees F)

Image


So the billet is inserted:

Image


I was too busy to get pictures of the following steps, so here's a quick synopsis.

When the billet starts to glow (about 1300 F) I sprinkle the billet with flux, which is a mixture of borax and boric acid. The purpose of the flux is to dissolve dirt and impurities, and to exclude oxygen. When the billet gets hot enough all the way through, it is then hammered or pressed, and the flux gets squeezed out, hopefully taking any junk with it. If it's all done right, you'll end up with one solid piece, with perfectly clean weld joints.

Here's a video of me doing a similar weld a year or so ago:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EA_zXRG- ... ature=plcp


Here is the billet welded and drawn out to 16" long:

Image

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Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:45 am 
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Now the scale (layer of oxidized steel) is ground off with an angle grinder:

Image


and it's cut into 4 pieces 4" long:

Image


The fourth piece is still attached to the handle...

The pieces are again ground clean and smooth on the belt grinder, and tack welded together:

Image


Then it's welded under the hammer again, and drawn out to a piece that's 1/2" square. It ended up exactly 40" long:

Image


Then I cut it up into 2 pieces 16" long. Which leaves an extra 8" piece to use for something else. [:Y:]

Image


That's all I have so far. It's going to be hot for awhile, so I don't know when I'll do more.

If anyone has questions, feel free to ask.

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Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 9:51 am 
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First name: Tony
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How does a Damascus blade hold an edge?
Would you make one to sell and if so, how much? Damascus is way cool!
Great thread. I'm enjoying it so far and can't wait to see more.

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 10:36 am 
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Brazilian Rosewood
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A W E S O M E [clap]

I can't say that forging chisels, knifes, swords and all that is *better* or nicer than making guitars, but I'd sure love to have a forge in my backyard. I wouldn't mind that epic hammer either, I'll take it off your hands if we split the overseas shipping laughing6-hehe

Tony, the blade should get an edge as good as the cutting layer is...the heat treatment is very important too, think soundboard voicing :) Without it, the various steels are just like raw spruce boards :)

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 11:16 am 
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First name: Dennis
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So cool! That hammer is a thing of beauty. I've always had a bit of a fascination with sword making, and chisels look like a lot of fun too :)


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 11:19 am 
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
Posts: 458
Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
The performance of damascus depends on the materials used, and, like Alexandru said, heat treat. I'll save the talk about heat treating until later.

Some people choose the materials based on looks alone, and don't consider performance. For instance some people (I won't mention any names) use two thirds mild steel, and one third tool steel. So you end up with a blade that has one third the performance that it could have! So, I only use materials that would make a good tool if used by itself.

It's just like with anything else, garbage in, garbage out. The myth that Damascus steel is superior is just that, a myth. The only way it's better is that it looks awesome. But, there are some who think that because it looks great, it must not cut well, and that's not true either. Use good materials, and treat it right, and you'll end up with something that works as well as any other carbon steel.

Anyway, I love damascus steel, because the creative possibilities are literally infinite.

Oh, and while I'm on the subject, the steel that was sold in the city of Damascus and bears it's name, is not what I'm making here. This should technically be called "pattern welded" steel, and the other is called "wootz". But but since everybody calls it "damascus", I do too. ;)

Yes, I would sell a damascus chisel. I'll PM you the price. :)

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Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 11:27 am 
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This may end up being the best build thread in the challenge LOLOLOL

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Wanna Leave a Better Planet for our Kids? How about Working on BETTER KIDS for our Planet !
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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 11:45 am 
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Location: Canada
Jeez I hope you dont build guitars on that bench in the photo up top,, lol
Very nice setup Phillip... I have a bladesmith friend on Saltspring Island - his name is Seth Burton and his company is Cosmo Knives - Ive bought 4 knives from him over the years (support your local bladesmiths ppl!)
Seth has a setup very similar to yours - I wonder if mabye youve heard of him? Probably not
Anyhoo - he has come a long way over the years,,, I remember when he was just starting out long ago,, and last year he was asked to make the knife prizes for the Canadian Culinary Championships.... hes a hell of a hard worker at his craft...

Love the Shop Phillip!
I really really like Damascus too - it almost makes me wanna throw my hat in the ring - but the chances of me winning it would be very slim..
On future challenges mabye we should have a couple prizes and categories broken down into skill levels - assigned by instruments built - like 1-10, 10-20, 20+ novice, intermediate, and professional skill levels
Cheers
Charliewood


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 2:22 pm 
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First name: Jay
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Status: Amateur
Phillip,

I collect and shoot antique English Damascus-barreled shotguns. The oldest was ordered in 1865 from Boss & Co. in London, and is still in perfect shooting condition. I've been a fan for many years. I'd love to have a chunk of your work to make a Carruth-style scraper out of sometime. Your craft is truly amazing--thank you for keeping the skill alive!!

All the best,

Jaybird


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 2:30 pm 
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Brazilian Rosewood
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I want a butterfly pattern scraper too! bliss

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:07 pm 
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Very.....cool.....!

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Thu Jul 26, 2012 11:14 pm 
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Koa
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Joined: Tue Mar 01, 2005 3:00 pm
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Location: United States
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Holy cow that's one humdinger of a beatin' machine!
Will be very interested in tempering techniques, with your laminated blanks as well as suggestions for Starrett oil hardending bar stock that I frequently use for quickie scrapers, etc.
-C

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Tue Jul 31, 2012 8:54 pm 
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I'm SO impressed. Maybe I should give up on my build here and now...
eek

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 9:38 am 
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Picking up where I left off, we have two bars, about 18" long, with 33 layers each. They'll eventually be cut in half, but for now, it's much easier to do the next steps while they're longer.

So, then next step is to mark each bar in the middle. This is so I know where to clamp it in the vise. To mark it, I nick it with the angle grinder, because soapstone doesn't show up well at 2000 degrees:

Image


Now one half is heated up good and hot, then clamped in the vise and twisted. It's important to know when to stop twisting, because as the steel cools down, it becomes less malleable, but if you keep going, you'll break it. That's only happened to me once, but it was enough.

Image


I twisted each bar a total of 15 full turns. I took 3 "heats" to do it, so about 5 twists per heat. You can see my twisting tool behind the vise in this pic:

Image


When we reach the right number of twists, the billet is forged square again:

Image


Then it's all repeated for the other half of the bar, but this time it's twisted the other direction:

Image

_________________
Regards,
Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 9:41 am 
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Now the bars are cut in half, ground clean on one side, and tack welded together on the ends:

Image

Image


Then handles are welded on:

Image


Just before forge welding:

Image


Just after:

Image

_________________
Regards,
Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 9:50 am 
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Joined: Sun Dec 27, 2009 2:59 pm
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Location: Northeast Indiana
First name: Phillip
Last Name: Patton
City: Yoder
State: IN
Zip/Postal Code: 46798
Country: USA
Focus: Build
Status: Amateur
Then the billets are once again ground clean, and cut in half. Then I etch them a little bit so I can see which way the twists are going:

Image


That's because it's important to stack them right for the last weld. You want clockwise twisted bars diagonally across from each other when looking at the end of the bar. Hope I'm making sense here...

Once I know how they're supposed to go together, they are tack welded one last time, and forge welded again:

Image


Then the resulting bar (which has four bars, two each twisted clockwise and counter clockwise) is twisted again. It doesn't matter which way. For these two, I did one clockwise and the other counter clockwise, just to see the difference.

Image


This is the counter clockwise billet, and I'll be making a knife out of it.

Image


Then the chisel billet is forged flat. I'm leaving it fairly thick, because I want to grind it clean before final forging.

Image

_________________
Regards,
Phillip Patton

http://www.pattonblades.com

The bitterness of poor quality lingers long after the sweetness of low price has faded.

https://hoosierbladesmith.wordpress.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 10:08 am 
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First name: Marcus
City: Kirkland
State: WA
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This is the best build thread ever. I probably wont even finish my build because I'll be too busy reading over this thread again and again.

Very very cool, Mr. Patton.

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http://www.bailieguitars.com


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 10:15 am 
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Fascinating stuff! That's a lot of work and fuel to layer and twist the metal so many times.

What is the purpose of the twisting? is it just part of the visual style you're going for on this one, or is there some mystical magical metallurgical purpose to it?


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 11:18 am 
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Last Name: Hanna
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Yes, Phillip, I think this is truly fascinating. My paternal grandfather (who died long before I was born) was a blacksmith and wheelwright. He must have done a lot of his work without the benefit of a power hammer. My dad always said his father had forearms like Popeye the Sailor. In any event, you are documenting this very well and I am thankful that you're showing it to us.

Patrick


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 12:44 pm 
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Already one of my favorite threads. I love this stuff!

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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 1:23 pm 
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This is Hands down the most interesting Thread , To bad hes Disqualified ! LOL laughing6-hehe

_________________
The Shallower the depth of the stream , The Louder the Babble !
The Taking Of Offense Is the Life Course Of The Stupid One !
Wanna Leave a Better Planet for our Kids? How about Working on BETTER KIDS for our Planet !
Forgiveness is the ability to accept an apology that you will probably NEVER GET
The truth will set you free , But FIRST, it will probably Piss you Off !
Creativity is allowing yourself to make Mistakes, Art is knowing which ones to Keep !
The Saddest thing anyone can do , is push a Loyal Person to the point that they Dont Care Anymore
Never met a STRONG person who had an EASY past !
http://wiksnwudwerks.blogspot.com/
http://www.facebook.com/groups/GatewayA ... rAssembly/


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 Post subject: Re: Chisel build thread
PostPosted: Wed Aug 01, 2012 1:26 pm 
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First name: Bryan
Last Name: Bear
City: St. Louis
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Status: Amateur
Simply put, I love this thread!

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